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Adult Education

According to one source, adult education as a distinct form accompanied the rise of democracy and the industrial revolution. The term "adult education" itself was first used in England in the early 19th century. In the US, adult education formed as outreach to adults from traditional schools in the late 19th century. The Carnegie Corporation financed a study in the 1920s of adult education and helped establish the American Association for Adult Education(AAAE) in 1926. Adult education has grown since then into what is familiar in current times.

Canned programs

Adult education programs that have rigidly prescribed materials, textbooks and assessments for a one-size-fits-all approach to education.

Conflict paradigm

Supports a more egalitarian society, often at odds with the dominant socio-political system.

Consensus paradigm

Programs seek to assimilate people into the dominant society.


Llearning is placed in a social context whereby teachers and learners collaborate.


Thinking about how and why people think the way they do.

Constructivist learning

Skills are related to the learner’s knowledge, learners work together and think critically.

Above definitions reference (Askov 2000)


Educators form a knowledge base, have formal graduate education and participate in professional associations (Imel, et al, 2000)

Bilingual Language Programs


Dual Language Programs


What are some of the advantages and disadvantages of canned programs, conflict paradigm and consensus paradigm?


Multicultural Art
Multicultural Education
Target Population & Philosophy
Historical Timeline
Legislative Timeline
Trends & Challenges
Test Yourself
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