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Legislative Timeline since 1960s

1968 Bilingual Education Act provided for bilingual education.

1974 Equal Education Opportunity Act sought to remove remaining barriers of segregation based on race, ethnic background and language skills.

1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act placed barriers for children of immigrants wishing to enroll in public schools.

1991 National Literacy Act placed English skills paramount without mention of bilingual education.

1994 Improving American Schools Act renewed support for bilingual education.

2002 English Language Acquisition Act replaced Bilingual Education Act, limiting bilingual education to three years, at which time students must be proficient in English.

2002 Elementary and Secondary Education Act, also called No Child Left Behind, was effectively anti-bilingual.

What are the implications of the shift for and against bilingual education as reflected in the legislation?


 

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